Time and Place: Tuesday / Thursday 7:30 to 8:45 am, Room LP 113
This class will use handouts.
Online textbook for atmospheric instrumentation.
Reference books that you might find handy for this course or for projects.
Introductory Electronics Textbooks:
1. Getting Started in Electronics by F. Mims. How to order. Around $20. *****
2. Science and communication circuits and projects by F. Mims. How to order. $12.95
Optional Texts: Material from these texts will be posted on the above website.
3. Meteorological Measurement Systems by Brock and Richardson, Oxford Univ Press. How to order. $140 new.
4. Hands On Meteorology, Stories, Theories, and Simple Experiments. By Zbigniew Sorbjan. Project Atmosphere. Published by the American Meteorological Society.
5. Introduction to Meteorological Instrumentation and Measurement, by DeFelice.
6. Doppler Radar and Weather Observations: 2nd Ed. by Richard J. Doviak and Dusan S. Zrnic.
Very nice meteorology course.
Very nice cloud atlas.
Online climate course.
On line learning, radiation transfer, climate, weather, and fog. (COMET program)
On line learning, basic concepts in environmental sciences. (US EPA).
Reno weather forecast tools.
Guidelines for Batchelor's degree in Atmospheric Science.
Instruments and Specifications (see instrumentation terms to help understand the specification sheets.)
Atmospheric Physics and Radiation Transfer:
Air Pollution and Atmospheric Chemistry:
Meteorology and Boundary Layer Air Pollution Measurements:
Sonic Anemometer, micrometeorology and turbulence
TSI DustTrak aerosol mass concentration. Website. Specification sheet. Software. Manual. Theory of operation.
Atmospheric Sounding Data.
Calculated Soundings from the RUC or MAPS
Basic Equations of Meteorology (from this site).
The Jet Stream.
ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS, MODEL, SITES WHERE YOU CAN GET DATA
Atmospheric Models and Modeling
General Information :
Presentation and overview.
Paper on LED as a sunphotometer, and one that obtains total precipitable water vapor.
Sunphotometer lecture notes.
What does the LED based sunphotometer measurement mean?
The Sun , movie 1
More details, and our approach.
Commercially available sun photometer that tracks the sun.
NASA's AERONET Site.
Simple home made digital spectrometer.
Table of Rayleigh Sscattering coefficients as a function of wavelength for the atmosphere at Reno's pressure.
Spreadsheet for calculating Rayleigh Coefficients.
Spreadsheet of the solar spectrum at the top of the Earth's atmosphere.
Spreadsheet with extraterrestrial solar spectrum and spectrum at the surface.
Solar calculator for solar zenith angle, Site 1, Site 2, or from this spreadsheet.
Atmospheric radiation transfer code on line.
Snow albedo measurements and model, including effects of soot.
Snow albedo, Antarctica, including effects of soot.
Simple Model Snow Albedo, Snow Grain Optics, Albedo .
Melt the ice caps with a fine layer of soot: Demo for the effects of absorption on multiple scattering.
Basics of aerosol optics on filter media. See also the more advanced treatment.
Photoacoustic measurements of aerosol light absorption.
Real live aerosol optics measurements at NOAA CMDL sites.
Wood smoke optics measured with our photoacoustic instruments.
CLOUD MICROPHYSICS AND RADIATIVE PROPERTIES
Summary of common instruments used for cloud microphysics measurements.
Treasure chest of publications on clouds, remote sensing, and radiative transfer.
Cirrus cloud scattering models and remote sensing.
Oxygen a band remote sensing of cloud properties.
Sun photometeric measurements of atmospheric water vapor using 940 nm radiation.
NASA's AERONET Site.
Moon's temperature with simple apparatus.
Nasa's Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE).
The MFRSR for optical depth and radiation measurements, and how it is used.
Lidar site at the University of Wisconsin. Check out the theses, for example this one.
GENERAL DISCUSSION OF RADIATION MEASUREMENTS AND HOW THEY ARE DONE.
Daily plots of solar and thermal radiation from the surface around the world, and overview.
Solar radiation basics, and network measurements from the Univ. of Oregon.
Blackbody radiation overview, and a nice discussion of IR emission from the body.
How you measure longwave irradiance, and a comparison of methods.
Calculate MODTRAN3 Atmospheric IR Radiation.
Nice discussion of methane's rising importance in IR transfer.
Global Climate, and Methane's rising concentration (from this site). See also the rise of carbon dioxide.
More on Methane
IR Spectra looking up in the tropics with large water vapor column amount.
IR MEASUREMENTS, MODEL, FROM RENO, ASSOCIATED WITH THE CLASS
Some of the class participants enjoying a fine day, and taking measurements.
Downwelling Radiance Measurement, clear, dry sky, and blackbody.
Measured Brightness Temperatures for two very different years, and their soundings. (Skew T's for 15Apr99 and 21Feb01).
Theoretical Molecular Absorption Spectra for Water Vapor, Carbon Dioxide, Ozone, and Methane.
Class of 2004 measurements, 24 Mar 2004.
UV & VISIBLE
UV A, B definitions. (image from this site. Curve labeled D is spectrum including only Ozone absorption; B and C include aerosol.)
Absorption spectra of gases in the UV, at specified concentrations.
Dobson Units Definition . (image from this site. Another image from another site that also explains the ozone hole.)
Real Live UV-B and Column Ozone Measurements, including those at DRI's Storm Peak Laboratory.
Check out the extinction coefficient of Nitrogen Dioxide gas as a function of wavelength.
Rayleigh scattering coefficient for the atmosphere, and how it is determined, from the UV to the near IR.