INSTRUMENTS CURRENTLY FLYING OR FIRMLY PLANNED


The following table describes the instruments currently flying on meteorological satellites or firmly planned for future missions.
Click on an entry to access details of that instrument. (Note: These tables may need to be updated as the plans are evolving, the latest updated information can be found in Volume II of the Dossier on the GOS.)

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Acronym

Full name

Satellites

Utilisation

3MI Multi-viewing, Multi-channel, Multi-polarization Imager EPS-SG-A 2020-2035

AATSR/ATSR-2

Advanced Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (= ATSR-2)

ERS-1/2, Envisat

1991-2013

ABI

Advanced Baseline Imager

GOES-R and follow-on

2015-2028

ACRIM-III

Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitoring - III

SMM, UARS, ACRIMSat

1980-2012

AEISS Advanced Electronic Image Scanning System KOMPSAT-3 2012-2017
AHI Advanced Himawari Imager Himawari-8, Himawari-9 2014-2029

AIRS

Atmospheric Infra-Red Sounder

EOS-Aqua

2002-2009

ALADIN

Atmospheric Laser Doppler Instrument

ADM-Aeolus

2010-2012

ALI

Advanced Land Imager

NMP-EO-1

2000-2009

ALT Radar Altimeter    
ALTIKA Ka-band Altimeter SARAL 2010-2014

AMI-SAR

Active Microwave Instrument - SAR mode

ERS-1/2

1991-2011

AMI-SCAT

Active Microwave Instrument - Scat mode

ERS-1/2

1991-2011

AMR

Advanced Microwave Radiometer

Jason-2

2008-2015

AMSR-2

Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer - 2

GCOM-W 1/2/3

2012-2025

AMSR-E

Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for EOS

EOS-Aqua

2002-2009

AMSU-A

Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit - A

NOAA 15 to 19
Metop 1 to 3
EOS-Aqua

1998-2014
2006-2020
2002-2009

AMSU-B

Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit - B

NOAA-15/16/17

1998-2008

AOPOD Atmosphere Occultation and Precision Orbit Determination Kompsat-5 2011-2016

APS

Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor

Glory
(NPOESS 1 & 3)

2009-2012
2013-2027

Aquarius

Aquarius

SAC-D

2010-2015

ASAR

Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar – SAR mode

Envisat

2002-2013

ASCAT

Advanced Scatterometer

Metop 1 to 3

2006-2020

ASTER

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection radiometer

EOS-Terra

1999-2009

ATLAS Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter ICESat-2 2015-2020

ATLID

Atmospheric Lidar

Earth-CARE

2012-2015

ATMS

Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder

NPP, NPOESS 1 and 3

2010-2027

AVHRR/3

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

TIROS-N, NOAA 6 to 19
Metop 1 to 3

1978-2014
2006-2020

AVNIR 1/2

Advanced Visible and Near-Infrared Radiometer 1 and 2

ADEOS-1
ALOS

1996-1997
2006-2010

AWiFS

Advanced Wide Field Sensor

ResourceSat-1/2

2003-2013

BBR

Broad-Band Radiometer

Earth-CARE

2012-2015

BlackJack

BlackJack

CHAMP, GRACE, SAC-C

2000-2010

CALIOP

Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarisation

CALIPSO

2006-2009

CC Cloud Camera Glory 2010-2015

CCD

Charge Coupled Device Camera

INSAT-2E, INSAT-3A

1999-2012

CERES

Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System

TRMM, Terra, Aqua, NPP, NPOESS-1

1997-2020

COCTS China Ocean Color and Temperature Sensor HY-1A, B, C and D 2002-2016
COSI Corea SAR Instrument KOMPSAT-5 2011-2016

CPR

Cloud Profiling Radar for CloudSat

CloudSat

2006-2012

CPR

Cloud Profiling Radar for Earth-CARE

Earth-CARE

2013-2016

CrIS

Cross-track Infrared Sounder

NPP, JPSS 1 and 2

2011-2025

DPR

Dual-frequency Precipitation Radar

GPM-core

2013-2018

ERM

Earth Radiation Measurement

FY-3 A to G

2008-2024

ETM+

Enhanced Thematic Mapper +

Landsat-7

1999-2012

FCI

Flexible Combined Imager

Meteosat Third Generation “I”

2015 —>

GEO-MW

Microwave Sounder in Geostationary Orbit

FY-4 M A/B and follow-on

 

Geoton

Panchromatic and multispectral radiometer

Resurs-DK

2006-2011

GERB

Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget

Meteosat 8 to 11 (MSG)

2002-2020

GLAS

Geoscience Laser Altimeter System

ICESat

2003-2009

GLM

Geostationary Lightning Mapper

GOES-R and follow-on

2016—>

GMI

GPM Microwave Imager

GPM-core
GPM-constellation
GPM-Brazil

2013-2018
2014-2019
2014-2019

GOCI

Geostationary Ocean Color Imager

COMS-1/2

2009-2021

GOME

Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment

ERS-2

1995-2011

GOME-2

Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment - 2

Metop 1 to 3

2006-2020

GOMOS

Global Ozone Monitoring by Occultation of Stars

Envisat

2002-2013

GRAS

GNSS Receiver for Atmospheric Sounding

Metop 1 to 3

2006-2020

GUVI Global Ultra-Violet Imager TIMED 2011-2014

HIRDLS

High-Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder

EOS-Aura

2004-2009

HiRI

High-Resolution Imager

Pléiades-1/2

2010-2016

HIRS-3/4

High-resolution Infra Red Sounder

TIROS-N, NOAA 6 to 19
Metop-1A/B

1978-2014
2006-2016

HRG

Haute Résolution Géométrique

SPOT-5

2002-2013

HRPC High-Resolution Panchromatic Camera CBERS-2B 2007-2010

HRS

Haute Résolution Stéréoscopique

SPOT-5

2002-2013

HRTC High Resolution Technological Camera SAC-C 2000-2010

HRV

Haut Résolution dans le Visible

SPOT-1/2/3

1986-2008

HRVIR

Haute Résolution dans le Visible et l’Infra-Rouge

SPOT-4

1998-2012

HSB

Humidity Sounder for Brazil

EOS-Aqua

2002-2009

HSC

High Sensitivity Camera

SAC-D

2010-2015

Hyperion

Hyperion

NMP EO-1

2000-2009

IASI

Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer

Metop 1 to 3

2006-2021

IGOR

Integrated GPS Occultation Receiver

COSMIC (6 satellites)
TerraSAR X & X2, TanDEM-X
Megha-Tropique
TacSat-2

2006-2011
2007-2018
2009-2014
2006-2008

IIR

Imaging Infrared Radiometer

CALIPSO

2006-2009

IIS

Interferometric Infrared Sounder

FY-4 O A/B and follow-on

2014-2035

IMAGER

GOES Imager

GOES 8 to 15

1994-2020

IMAGER

INSAT Imager

INSAT-3D

2011-2019

IMAGER

MTSAT Imager

MTSAT-2

2010-2015

IMAGER FO

COMS Follow-On Imager

COMS-2

2014-2021

IMAGER FO

MTSAT Follow-On (Himawari-8,9) Imager

MTSAT-3 and follow-on

2014 —>

IRAS

Infrared Atmospheric Sounder

FY-3 A to G

2008-2024

IRFS-2

IR Sounding Spectrometer

Meteor-M N2

2009-2014

IRMSS Infrared Multispectral Scanner CBERS-1,2,3,4 1999-2007, 2011-2019

IRS

Infrared Sounder

Meteosat Third Generation “S”

2017 —>

JAMI

Japanese Advanced Meteorological Imager

MTSAT-1R

2005-2010

JMR

Jason Microwave Radiometer

Jason-1

2001-2009

KMSS

High-resolution VIS/IR Radiometer

Meteor-M N1 and N2

2008-2014

LAC

LEISA (Linear Etalon Imaging Spectrometer Array) Atmospheric Corrector

NMP EO-1

2000-2009

LI

Lightning Imager

Meteosat Third Generation “I”

2017-2038

LIS

Lightning Imaging Sensor

TRMM,
GPM Br

1997-2009
2014-2018

LISS-3

Linear Imaging Self-Scanning Sensor - 3

IRS-1C/1D,
ResourceSat-1/2

1995-2009
2003-2013

LISS-4

Linear Imaging Self-Scanning Sensor - 4

ResourceSat 1/2

2003-2013

LM

Lightning Mapper

FY-4 O A/B and follow-on

2012 —>

MADRAS

Microwave Analysis & Detection of Rain & Atmospheric Structures

Megha-Tropiques

2009-2014

MCSI

Multiple Channel Scanning Imager

FY-4 O A/B and follow-on

2012 —>

MERIS

Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer

Envisat

2002-2013

MERSI

Medium Resolution Spectral Imager

FY-3 A to G

2008-2024

MHS

Microwave Humidity Sounding

NOAA-18/19
Metop 1 to 3

2005-2014
2006-2020

MI

Meteorological Imager

COMS-1

2009-2016

MI-FO Meteorological Imager Follow-on COMS-2A 2017-2024

MIPAS

Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding

Envisat

2002-2013

MIRAS

Microwave Imaging Radiometer using Aperture Synthesis

SMOS

2009-2014

MIS

Conical-scanning Microwave Imager/Sounder

NPOESS 2 to 4

2016-2029

MISR

Multi-angle Imaging Spectro-Radiometer

EOS-Terra

1999-2008

MLS

Microwave Limb Sounder

UARS, EOS-Aura

1991-2009

MMRS

Multispectral Medium Resolution Scanner

SAC-C

2000-2010

MODIS

Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer

EOS Terra/Aqua

1999-2009

MOPITT

Measurement Of Pollution In The Troposphere

EOS Terra

1999-2008

MSC Multi-Spectral Camera KOMPSAT-2 2006-2011

MSI

Multi-Spectral Imager for Earth-CARE

Earth-CARE

2012-2015

MSI

Multi-Spectral Imager for Sentinel-2

Sentinel-2 A and B

2012-2021

MSMR

Multi-frequency Scanning Microwave Radiometer

OceanSat 1 and 2

1999-2013

MSS

Multi-Spectral Scanner

Landsat 1 to 5

1972-2010

MSS-BIO

Polyzonal scanning system of bioefficiency of sea water areas

Meteor-M N3

2010-2015

MSU-GS

Elektro-GOMS Imager

Elektro-L N1, N2, N3

2008-2022

MSU-MR

VIS/IR Imaging Radiometer

Meteor-M N1 and N2

2008-2014

MTVZA

Imaging/Sounding Microwave Radiometer

Meteor-M N1 and N2

2008-2014

MUXCAM Multispectral Camera CBERS-3,4 2011-2019

MVIRI

Meteosat Visible Infra-Red Imager

Meteosat 1 to 7

1977-2008

MVISR

Multichannel Visible Infrared Scanning Radiometer

FY-1 A to D

1988-2008

MWHS

Micro-Wave Humidity Sounder

FY-3 A to G

2008-2024

MWI-P Micro-wave Imager for Precipitation EPS-SG-B 2021-2035

MWR

Micro-Wave Radiometer (for ERS and Envisat)

ERS-1/2, Envisat

1991-2013

MWR

Micro-Wave Radiometer (for Sentinel-3)

Sentinel-3

2012-2020

MWR

Micro-Wave Radiometer (for SAC-D)

SAC-D

2010-2015

MWRI

Micro-Wave Radiation Imager

FY-3 A to G

2008-2024

MWS Micro-wave Sounder EPS-SG-A 2020-2035

MWTS

Micro-Wave Temperature Sounder

FY-3 A to G

2008-2024

NIRST

New Infrared Scanner Technology

SAC-D

2010-2015

OCM

Ocean Color Monitor

OceanSat-1/2

1999-2013

OCO

Orbiting Carbon Observatory

OCO

2008-2010

OLCI

Ocean and Land Colour Imager

Sentinel-3 A and B

2012-2022

OLI

Operational Land Imager

LDCM

2012-2018

OLS Operational Linescan System DMSP-1,20 1976-2020

OMI

Ozone Monitoring Instrument

EOS Aura

2004-2009

OMPS

Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite

NPP, NPOESS 1 & 3

2010-2027

PALSAR

Phased-Array L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar

ALOS

2006-2010

PAN

Panchromatic Camera

IRS 1C and 1D, CartoSat-1,
CartoSat-2/2A, CartoSat-3

1995-2015

PAN + MS

Panchromatic + Multispectral Radiometers

Monitor-E

2005-2010

POAM

Polar Ozone and Aerosol Measurement

SPOT-3/4

1993-2012

POLDER

Polarization and Directionality of the Earth’s Reflectances

PARASOL

2004-2008

Poseidon 2/3

Poseidon 2/3

JASON 1/2

2001-2015

PR

Precipitation Radar

TRMM

1997-2009

PRISM

Panchromatic Remote-sensing Instrument for Stereo Mapping

ALOS

2006-2010

RA, RA-2

Radar Altimeter

ERS-1/2, Envisat

1991-2013

RAD Micro-Wave Radiometer HY-2A 2011-2016

Radiomet

Radio-occultation sounder

Meteor-M N2 and N3

2009-2015

ROSA

Radio Occultation Sounder of the Atmosphere

OceanSat-2, SAC-D

2008-2015

SAPHIR

Sondeur Atmospherique du Profil d’Humidite Intertropicale par Radiometrie

Megha-Tropiques

2009-2014

SAR

Synthetic Aperture Radar (C-band)

RadarSat 1/2

1995-2015

SAR-2000

Synthetic Aperture Radar 2000 (X-band)

COSMO-SkyMed

2007-2016

SAR-C

Synthetic Aperture Radar (C-band)

Sentinel-1 A and B

2011-2019

SAR-L

Synthetic Aperture Radar (L-band)

SAOCOM 1/2

2011-2020

SAR-X

Synthetic Aperture Radar (X-band)

TerraSAR X & X2, TanDEM-X

2007-2018

SBUV/2

Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet / 2

NOAA 9 to 19 except 12/15

1984-2014

ScaRaB

Scanner for Radiation Budget

Megha-Tropiques
Meteor-3-7, Resurs-O1-4

2009-2014
1994-1999

SCAT

Scatterometer

OceanSat-2

2008-2013

SCIAMACHY

Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography

Envisat

2002-2013

SeaWiFS

Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor

Orbview-2/SeaStar

1997-2009

SeaWinds

SeaWinds

QuickSCAT
(GCOM-W 2/3)

1999-2008
2016-2025

Severjanin

X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar

Meteor-M N1, N2 and N3

2008-2015

SEVIRI

Spinning Enhanced Visible Infra-Red Imager

Meteosat 8 to 11 (MSG)

2002-2020

SGLI

Second-generation Global Imager

GCOM-C 1/2/3

2014-2027

SIM

Spectral Irradiance Monitor

SORCE

2003-2009

SIRAL

SAR Interferometer Radar Altimeter

CryoSat-2

2009-2012

SLSTR

Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer

Sentinel-3 A and B

2012-2022

SOUNDER

Sounder (on GOES)

GOES 8 to 15

1994-2016

SOUNDER

Sounder (on INSAT)

INSAT-3D

2008-2015

SOUNDER FO

Sounder (on MTSAT Follow-on)

MTSAT-3 and follow-on

2014 —>

SRAL

SAR Radar Altimeter

Sentinel-3 A and B

2012-2022

SSM/I

Special Sensor Microwave – Imager

DMSP F-8/10/11/13/14/15

1987-2008

SSMIS

Special Sensor Microwave – Imager/Sounder

DMSP F 16 to 20

2003-2016

S-VISSR

Stretched Visible-Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer

FY-2 A to G

1997-2017

TANSO-CAI

Thermal And Near infrared Sensor for carbon Observations - Cloud and Aerosol Imager

GOSAT

2008-2013

TANSO-FTS

Thermal And Near infrared Sensor for carbon Observations - Fourier Transform Spectrometer

GOSAT

2008-2013

TES

Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer

EOS-Aura

2004-2009

TIM

Total Irradiance Monitoring

SORCE, Glory

2003-2012

TM

Thematic Mapper

Landsat-4/5

1982-2010

TMI

TRMM Microwave Imager

TRMM

1997-2009

TOU/SBUS

Total Ozone Unit & Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Sounder

FY-3 A to G

2008-2024

TSIS

Total Solar Irradiance Sensor

NPOESS 1 & 3

2013-2027

UVS

Ultra-Violet Sounder

Meteosat Third Generation “S”
hosting the Sentinel-4 mission

2017 —>

Végétation

Végétation

SPOT-4/5

1998-2013

VHRR (in GEO)

Very High Resolution Radiometer

INSAT-1A to 3A, Kalpana-1

1982-2013

VIIRS

Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite

NPP, NPOESS 1 to 4

2010-2029

VIRR

Visible and Infrared Radiometer

FY-3 A to G

2008-2024

VIRS

Visible and Infrared Scanner

TRMM

1997-2009

WFC

Wide-Field Camera

CALIPSO

2006-2009

WiFS

Wide-Field Sensor

IRS-P3, IRS-1C/1D

1995-2009

WindSat

WindSat

Coriolis

2003-2009